Male citizens of the country have until now been drafted to the Armenian Armed Forces at the age of 18. Young men enrolled in state-run universities are called up after graduation, while those deemed unfit for two-year compulsory military service on medical and other grounds are exempt from it altogether.
The Soviet-era system of 10-year schooling has enabled virtually all boys to finish school before reaching draft age.
Over the past decade Armenia has gradually switched to a 12-year education cycle that will produce first school graduates next year. This means that thousands of male students will turn 18 and be subject to the draft before passing graduation exams. Under existing legislation, they would also be unable to pursue higher education and qualify for service deferments.
The Armenian government believes that they should be able to finish high school before being drafted. Hence, its proposal to raise draft age by one year.
The National Assembly unanimously approved, in the first reading, a corresponding amendment to an Armenian law on military service. Its passage in the second and final reading appears a mere formality.
According to Narine Hovannisian, a senior official from the Armenian Ministry of Science and Education, there have already been cases of teenage men reaching draft age while in high school. The government has had to defer their call-up by the military on a case-by-case basis, she said.
“This has created some problems, even if the number of students aged 18 and still in school has been very small,” Hovannisian told RFE/RL’s Armenian. “But there have been such people and [government] decisions regarding them have been made on an individual basis. This problem will now be solved.”