President Vladimir Putin on Monday pledged to strengthen Russia’s geopolitical presence in the South Caucasus and insisted that Armenia decided to join a Russian-led union of ex-Soviet states on its own.
Making his first official visit to Armenia since regaining the Russian presidency last year, he also said Moscow will help the Armenian government complete its accession talks with the Customs Union “as soon as possible.”
Putin praised his Armenian counterpart Serzh Sarkisian’s pro-Russian strategic choice as he began his one-day trip in Gyumri, the country’s second largest city hosting a Russian military base.
Armenia - Russian President Vladimir Putin addresses a Russian-Armenian forum in Gyumri, 2Dec2013.
Addressing a Russian-Armenian forum held there, he said, “I spoke with the Armenian president on our way from the airport and it turned out that Armenian experts have properly calculated the benefits and preferences that Armenia will receive in case of joining the Customs Union. It means that this is the sovereign choice of the Armenian people and Armenia’s leadership.”
Putin thus clearly sought to deny a widely held belief that Sarkisian unexpectedly decided to make his country part of the union under strong Russian pressure. The Armenian leader announced his foreign policy U-turn during a September 3 visit to Moscow. Many observers believe that the Kremlin exploited, among other things, Yerevan’s heavy dependence on Russian military assistance resulting from the unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Addressing hundreds of governments officials representing various Russian and Armenian regions, Putin insisted that membership in the Russian-led trade bloc will boost Armenia’s “economic potential.” He said its current member states -- Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan -- are already reaping “tangible benefits” in the form of increased mutual trade and investments.
Sarkisian, for his part, spoke of “colossal work” done by his administration towards Customs Union membership since September 3. Putin acknowledged these efforts at a joint news conference held by the two men in Yerevan later in the day.
“The Armenian side is acting very energetically and demonstrating a high level of professionalism, which is frankly putting us in a somewhat difficult situation. We are struggling to keep up with our Armenian partners,” the Russian president said, making Sarkisian grin.
Armenia -- President Serzh Sarkisian (R) with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Yerevan, December 2, 2013
Asked just when Yerevan will complete the accession talks, Putin said, “I don’t want to speak of concrete time frames because that depends not only on Russia but also our partners, Kazakhstan and Belarus. But Russia will do everything in its power to ensure that Armenia’s accession to the customs union occurs as soon as possible.”
Underlining the crucial security component of the Russian-Armenian relationship, Putin also visited the Gyumri headquarters of the Russian military base. Over the past year, Moscow has reinforced it with new weaponry, reportedly including tactical ballistic missiles. It is also due to deploy 18 combat helicopters in Armenia in the coming weeks or months.
“As regards Transcaucasus, Russia has never had an intention to withdraw from here,” Putin declared in Gyumri. “On the contrary, we are planning to reinforce our positions in Transcaucasus, based on all the good things that we inherited from our ancestors. Based on good relations with all regional states, including Armenia.”
The commander of the Russian base, Colonel Vladimir Ruzinksy, raised eyebrows in Azerbaijan last October when he stated that his troops would fight on the Armenian side should Baku attempt to forcibly win back Nagorno-Karabakh and other Armenian-controlled territories.
Putin, by contrast, was careful not to specify Moscow’s response to the possible outbreak of another Armenian-Azerbaijani war. “I think it would be absolutely counterproductive to hypothetically speak about what we will do if there is war,” he told journalists in Yerevan. “It would look as though we are preparing for war. But we must, as the Armenian president said, ensure that all contentious issues are resolved by solely political and diplomatic means.”