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New Chinese Rockets ‘Acquired By Armenia’


Belarus -- An army Smerch (Tornado), Soviet-made heavy multiple rocket launcher, fires during exercises in the Brest region, 25Jan2011

Belarus -- An army Smerch (Tornado), Soviet-made heavy multiple rocket launcher, fires during exercises in the Brest region, 25Jan2011

Armenia has acquired Chinese multiple-launch rocket systems with a firing range of up to 130 kilometers, a military source in Yerevan told RFE/RL’s Armenian service (Azatutyun.am) on Monday.

Speaking on the condition of anonymity, the source declined to specify the quantity of the AR1A systems obtained the Armenian military and the dates of their delivery or give other details of the alleged acquisition.

The Armenian Defense Ministry, for its part, refused to confirm or refute the information. “Armenia’s armed forces are constantly supplied with new weapons and increase their combat readiness,” the ministry spokesman, Artsrun Hovannisian, told RFE/RL’s Armenian service. “We have clear plans of arms acquisitions and are adhering to them.”

AR1A, which China first demonstrated in 2009, is a long-range artillery system designed to attack concentrations of troops, command centers and important ground targets. Military experts say that it has many technological similarities with the Russian Smerch multiple-launch rocket systems, one of the most destructive weapons of its kind. Smerch rockets can hit targets up to 90 kilometers away.

Russia -- Smerch 9K58 multiple launch rocket system on display at the MVSV 2008 international exhibition of weapons and military equipment in Krasnaya Presnya, 20Aug2008

Russia -- Smerch 9K58 multiple launch rocket system on display at the MVSV 2008 international exhibition of weapons and military equipment in Krasnaya Presnya, 20Aug2008

Eighteen Smerch systems are reportedly among $1 worth of new offensive weapons which Russia began delivering to Azerbaijan earlier this year in line with defense contracts signed in 2011. Armenian politicians and pundits have singled out this fact in their strong criticism of the Russian arms sales to Baku. The latter also purchased a dozen Smerch systems from Ukraine in the mid-2000s.

The nearest equivalent to the Russian rockets which Armenia was known to have possessed until now are Chinese-made WM-80 multiple-launch systems with a firing range of up to 80 kilometers. The Armenian military is thought to have acquired them in the late 1990s.

Chinese-Armenian military ties appear to have deepened in the last few years. Beijing and Yerevan signed in January 2012 what the Armenian Defense Ministry called an “agreement on military and military-technical cooperation.”
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